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Overview

The UXO Sector in Laos officially began in 1996 with the creation of a national clearance agency, UXO Lao, by Prime Ministerial Decree and with a mandate to reduce the number of casualties caused by unexploded ordnance, and to increase the amount of land available for food production and other socio-economic development activities. The Sector was initially supported by the UNDP and UNICEF, support continuing to this day.

The Sector did in reality though begin well before 1996 in an informal nature, as communities, villages, and families living with the constant threat of unexploded ordnance, accordingly developed their own risk reduction strategies and clearance techniques. These amateur methods were employed at the local level for a very long time to some effect before an institutional body was formed.

Today, the Sector is well organised, dynamic, productive, and institutionally strong. Under the stewardship of the NRA, government ministries, international donors, and international and domestic agencies alike, are all a part of the UXO network; a network whose unified ambition is to see the Lao PDR free from the threat of UXO and for the nation to grow and prosper.

Achievements

The NRA Office monitors progress. It houses as much historical information as has been found, and consolidates this with ongoing, current reporting as it is received by sector operators.

The most up-to-date and complete figures available are for the period 1996 to December 2014. Within this period the UXO Sector achieved the following:

Years
Agriculture(sqm)
Development(sqm)
TotalArea(sqm)
Benefitcairy
Bomb
Bombies
Mine
OtherUXO
TotalUXO
1996-2008
132,212,800
66,364,400
198,577,200
3,232,717
4,822
440,971
5,969
560,956
1,012,718
2009
34,554,700
6,591,500
41,146,200
220,563
420
40,515
126
36,428
77,489
2010
29,529,333
10,676,316
40,205,649
301,742
715
35,514
215
34,476
70,920
2011
36,659,228
23,680,898
60,340,126
587,230
288
33,195
191
153,313
186,987
2012
46,849,500
13,543,600
60,393,100
788,188
360
46,218
166
36,516
83,260
2013
39,030,000
30,250,000
69,280,000
253,717
291
40,300
278
41,369
82,238
2014
29,095,098
32,057,164
61,152,262
515,006
322
49,128
144
25,509
75,103
Total:
347,930,659
183,163,878
531,094,537
5,899,163
7,218
685,841
7,089
888,567
1,588,715

The Three Pillars of UXO/Mine Action

The UXO Sector today has three key pillars of activity, these are: Clearance, Risk Education, and Victim Assistance

These primary work themes still dominate much of the overall sector planning, collaboration and output. Regular meetings on these key issues, called Technical Working Groups, involving all relevant partners, are a key mechanism for strategy direction, work-planning, co-operation, transparency and consensus building in the Sector. 
However, other emerging aspects of the wider effort such as Information Management, Quality Control, Capacity Building, Treaty Support, and Advocacy are equally as critical to the collective effectiveness and accomplishments..

uxo-clearance mre uxo-victim